Black-throated Finch

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Habitat: Woodland, Grassland


Black-throated Finches inhabit dry grasslands and dry, open woodlands dominated by eucalypts, paperbarks or acacias with a dense grassy ground cover. They are often located along watercourses or drainage lines. In northern Australia, they occur where there is a mosaic of different habitats in which to find seed during the wet season.


Black-throated Finches forage on the ground of open grassy woodlands, sometimes in the company of other finches. They are often in pairs, or flocks up to 20–30 (but rarely in flocks of hundreds). These small flocks are very social – drinking, bathing, flying and resting together, often lining up and huddling on dead branches several times a day. They forage actively, hopping over the ground, and occasionally fly for insects. Flight when disturbed is usually rapid, low and direct.



Black-throated Finches usually forage on fallen seeds of native grasses from open ground. They also pluck seeds directly from seedheads, reaching up to pluck them or perching on the stem to weigh it down to the ground, where the seeds are removed. They also occasionally take insects, especially during the breeding season.


The domed nest is woven from grass stems and has a side entrance. It is lined with soft seedheads, plant down and feathers, and is usually placed in the outermost twigs of trees or shrubs. Occasionally, nests are located in the base of the stick nest of a raptor, while others use old nests of babblers or other finches. Black-throated Finches usually lay 5 or 6 white eggs. Both sexes incubate the eggs and feed the nestlings.