Bush Stone-curlew

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Habitat: Heathland, Grassland, Woodland, Urban


The Bush Stone-curlew is a ground-dwelling bird found throughout grasslands, heathlands, and the bush and are sometimes found in cemeteries and golf courses.


Bush Stone-curlews are ground-dwelling, nocturnal birds, doing all their feeding and other activities at night. When they are seen during the day, they are usually inactive, standing quietly in the shade with their eyes half-closed, or squatting on the ground where their cryptic plumage makes them difficult to see among the leaf litter.



Bush Stone-curlews have a wide-ranging diet, but prefer to feed on insects, molluscs, small lizards, seeds and occasionally small mammals. During the breeding season, nesting birds will search for food in the vicinity of the nest site, while at other times, birds may travel large distances.


Bush Stone-curlews have a remarkable courtship dance. Individuals stand with their wings outstretched, their tail upright and their neck stretched slightly forward. The birds will stamp their feet up and down, like a soldier marking time. This courtship ritual is repeated for an hour or more at a time and is accompanied by loud and constant calling. Their clutch size is 1 to 3 eggs and are laid in a shallow scrape in the ground with both adults sharing the incubation and care of the young. The nestling period is 50 days and the breeding season is from July to January.