Habitat: Coastal


In Australia, Great Knots inhabit intertidal mudflats and sandflats in sheltered coasts, including bays, harbours and estuaries. They forage on the moist mud, and they often roost on beaches or in nearby low vegetation, such as mangroves or dune vegetation.


Great Knots are migratory birds that spend September to April in Australia and then return to Siberia to breed.  A few may overwinter especially in northern Australia. They feed by rapidly jabbing their bill into the soft mud of intertidal mudflats, especially along the water’s edge, taking prey from the surface of the mud or just below it.


Great Knots mostly eat bivalve molluscs, as well as other invertebrates, such as snails, worms and crustaceans.



Great Knots breed in Siberia during the northern summer, laying up to four eggs. Both sexes incubate the eggs, but only the male accompanies the broods of young.