White-bellied Sea-Eagle

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Habitat: Coastal, Wetland


White-bellied Sea-Eagles are normally seen perched high in a tree or soaring over waterways and adjacent land.


Birds form permanent pairs that inhabit territories throughout the year.


The White-bellied Sea-Eagle feeds mainly off aquatic animals, such as fish, turtles and sea snakes, but it also takes birds and mammals. It is a skilled hunter and will attack prey up to the size of a swan. Sea-Eagles feed on carrion (dead prey) such as sheep and fish along the waterline. They harass smaller birds, forcing them to drop any food they carry. Sea-Eagles feed alone, in pairs or in family groups.


White-bellied Sea-Eagles build a large stick nest, which is used for many seasons in succession. The nest can be located in a tree up to 30m above the ground, but may also be placed on the ground or on rocks, where there are no suitable trees. At the start of the breeding season, the nest is lined with fresh green leaves and twigs. The female carries out most of the incubation of the white eggs, but the male performs this duty from time to time.